Why use cold water to make coffee?

in Brewing Coffee

Question: Marc, Golden Rule # 3 in part is to have water in the fridge in the Brita but does the water HAVE to be chilled? Will the water temp make that much of a difference in a cup of coffee? - Robin



Answer
: Robin, that is a great question for a couple reasons.  First, because it comes up all the time.  And second, because I can think of at least three reasons I’ve heard in my life of why you’re supposed to use cold water when making standard drip-brewed coffee.

The reason for cold water that I hear most often is because there is a “perfect” amount of water-extraction of flavor from coffee.  If you don’t extract enough from the coffee, it’s too weak.  But if you like strong coffee, be warned there’s something called overextraction where TOO MUCH solid is extracted from the coffee, making it sludge and not too enjoyable.  It comes down to the brewing cycle and the water’s exposure to the coffee while at the perfect temperature.  The only way to time an electronic drip brewer’s process to do it right is to “set a standard” on the starting temperature of the water.  The machine will run the same heating process no matter what temperature of water so everybody should get a consistent cup as long as everybody starts out with the same starting temperature…cold.  Otherwise, coffees made with water at different starting temperatures would all taste a little differently.  The machine assumes you’re using cold water.

Another reason that I’ve not heard cited as much but that makes sense to me is that the reference to water temperature is under the assumption that most people are using tap water.  And cold tap water is fresher than hot tap water because it hasn’t been sitting in a water heater waiting to be dispensed from the tap.  Better water makes better coffee so this is also very believable.  If this were true and you were using filtered water, it wouldn’t matter what temperature you use.

And finally, I’ve heard that hot tap water has a higher concentration of minerals (unrelated to the water heater) than does cold tap water which absorbs less from the plumbing itself than the hot.  Is that true?  I’m not sure but if it was, it seems the least plausible for affecting the quality of coffee in your cup.

And I hope in not directly answering your question that I have answered your question, Robin!  I personally use cold water, whether tap or filtered because the machine was designed under that assumption.  But I use a filtered water as often as possible.  If that filtered water was not completely chilled, I would use it anyway.

2 Comments

  1. this has been irking me forever and now that my daughter asked me why I harp on using cold water I HAD TO GIVE HER AN ANSWER BECAUSE LIKE MOST MOM’S I KNOW EVERYTHING…..YOU PROVED THAT POINT.

    THANKS

    Comment by theresa — November 27, 2013 @ 11:01 am

  2. Hilarious, Theresa. I’m just happy I could keep your error-free record alive!

    Comment by Marc Wortman — December 4, 2013 @ 12:27 am

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